On теплопродукцию and теплоотдачу an organism many nervous structures influence. Integration of the various touch information connected with thermal balance, and регуляциятемпературы bodies are carried out by the main centre of thermoregulation located in гипоталамусе. Destruction of this site гипоталамуса or (перерезка at level of an average brain) conducts infringement of its nervous communications to ability loss to regulate body temperature. In терморегуляторном the centre various groups on functions of nervous cages - thermosensitive нейроны are found out; the cages defining level of body temperature supported in an organism; in forward гипоталамусе are located нейроны, operating processes теплоотдачи, and in back гипоталамусе - processes теплопродукции. After destruction of the centres forward гипоталамуса physiological activity in the conditions of a cold remains, but in conditions of a heat body temperature quickly raises. Destruction of the centres back гипоталамуса breaks способностьк to strengthening of a power exchange in the cold environment, and body temperature in these conditions falls. Холекинетики operate on a tone of a gall bladder, bilious ways and сфинктера with Oddi. Promote опорожнению a gall bladder: magnesium sulphate, a barberry, etc. the Relaxation of a tone of bilious ways cause such спазмолитики as папаверин, but-shpa, etc. Besides, желчегонные preparations render гепатопротекторное action, facilitating bile outflow, reducing inflammatory process in гепатоцитах. If on an ear low-frequency sounds operate (to 1000 Hz), that, according to G.Bekeshi, occurs displacement базилярной membranes on all its extent, from the basis to a top of a snail as own frequency coincides with low frequency of sound stimulus. At action of high-frequency fluctuations there is a moving of the fluctuating column of a liquid truncated on length more close to an oval window both the most rigid and elastic site базилярной membranes. Owing to displacement of last hairs рецептивных cages contact with текториальной a membrane. Thus eyelashes волосковых cages are deformed. As a result energy of sound fluctuations is transformed to the electric category (a nervous impulse) волосковых cages. Participation of a kidney in an exchange липидов consists that free fat acids in its cages join in structure триацилглицеринов and фосфолипидов and in the form of these connections arrive in blood.